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    Newpets. Conservancy 

We drive efforts for the creation and expansion of land protected areas on 30% from all Ukraine’s wildlife sanctuaries by 2030 year. 



Fire salamander (Salamandra salamandra) 

Status. II Category of the Red Book of Ukraine - "endangered species"; the species is also listed in the Appendix III of the Bern Convention ("animal species under protection").

Number and Tendencies to Change. Thus, the records of this species in August 2003 in the midstream of the river of Latoritsa in Svalyava rayon, Transcarpathia Oblast, show the number of this species of up to 5 ones per 100 m of the route. In early April 2004, in the vicinity of the city of Uzhgorod, the number of these animals amounted to 12 ones per 100 m of the route and in late April of the same year in the vicinity of the village of Yaremcha, Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast - up to 7 ones per 100 m of the route.




European pond turtle (Emys orbicularis)

Status. The European pond turtle is classified as Near Threatened (NT) on the IUCN Red List, and listed on Annex II of the EU Habitats Directive; the species is also listed in the Appendix II of the Bern Convention ("animal species under protection").

Number and Tendencies to Change. The population of this species of turtle faces the danger of extinction. Requires protection in the parks of Kiev, as well as in the Rivne nature reserve and the National Park "Dermansko-Ostrozhsky". The main reasons for the decrease in the number of species are fishermen, melioration, urbanization. It is believed that the main enemies of turtles - a fox, otter, raccoon dog, eagle - whitetail. These predators destroy the eggs of the tortoise, eat young turtles, and even attack the reptiles. However, no predator on the scale of the destruction of turtles can compare with a man. "Thanks to" man disappeared natural habitats of swamp turtles, in which they existed for millennia.



Sheltopusik (Pseudopus apodus)

Status. This species is listed on Appendix II of the Bern Convention. It is protected by national legislation in Israel. It is present in a large number of protected areas (especially in the north of its range). There is a need for the development of education programmes about this harmless species. It is included into the Red Data Books of the Ukraine (1994) - category 1 and Kazakhstan (1996) - category 2

Number and Tendencies to Change. P. apodus belongs to endangered species. It is guarded in the Yalta Mining Forest nature reserve, "Cape Martyan", the Crimean and Kazantip nature reserves. It is recommended to relocate lizards from extinct urban populations to the nearest protected areas, to strengthen the protection of the Karalar steppe, to reintroduce species in the Karadag and Opuk natural reserves, and to conduct explanatory work with the population.




Yellow-bellied toad (Bombina variegata)

Status. Included in the third edition of the Red Data Book of Ukraine (category "vulnerable species"). It is listed on Appendix II of the Bern Convention. Protected by national legislation in Poland. Annex II of the Convention on the Conservation of Wildlife and Natural Habitats in Europe (category "Species to be Specially Protected"), Red Data Book of the Vertebrates of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

Number and Tendencies to Change. In Ukraine - in the Carpathians. Reducing the number is associated with the transformation of biotopes, reducing the number of breeding sites and their contamination. The density of B. variegata in most of its range within Ukraine rises in the range of 1 individual to 0.02-20 m². According to the route records, their number varied from 10 to 50 individuals per 100 m of the coastline. The largest number is noted in small reservoirs in the foothills and lowlands at altitudes of 350-600 to 900 m. 

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